A meta-analysis of pooled individual data from cohorts of cases and controls found that participants with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) from 23 sites in North and South America, Europe and China had smaller amygdala, accumbens, and hippocampus volumes compared to healthy controls.   Previously, meta-analyses of clinical data revealed reduced volumes of basal ganglia,
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Whole-genome sequencing of individuals with autism spectrum disorder and their families reveal 18 new candidate genes that have the potential to be future diagnostic and therapeutic targets.   Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder which affects approximately one percent of the global population. ASD encompasses disorders such as autism, Asperger’s syndrome, and other
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Nonadherence to ADHD medication in adolescents, especially during their transition to college, can have significant repercussions on academic performance and long-term goals. In a recent study, published in the Journal of Adolescent Health, 10 freshmen with ADHD were interviewed regarding their medication self-management experience as they transitioned to college life.   Nonadherence to medical treatment
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In a 2017 study, researchers investigated the use of antivirals in children hospitalized for influenza. Rates of prescription of anti-influenza medication in children were found to be below recommended levels and varied significantly between hospitals.   The recommended treatment for children hospitalized due to infection with influenza viruses, especially children with conditions which may increase
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A consultation paper proposing a risk-based approach to regulation of “self-care” products represents significant change in how cosmetics, natural health products and non-prescription drugs are regulated in Canada.   Health Canada is responsible for regulation of both prescription and non-prescription (or “self-care”) products sold in Canada.  Self-care products cover three categories of goods: Cosmetics, which
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According to a recent comprehensive cohort study conducted in Denmark, the influenza vaccine does not increase the risk of childhood morbidity in the children of mothers who received this vaccine during pregnancy. Children exposed during the first, second or third trimester had similar rates of hospitalization as children who were not exposed to the vaccine.
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In a recent study published in The Lancet, researchers examine the long-term effectiveness of the Preschool Autism Communication Trial (PACT). They determined that there are long-term benefits of early communication interventions for children with autism.   Autism spectrum disorder is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by challenges in communication, social and behavioural difficulties, and repeating behaviours.
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Large scale nuclear disasters, such as in Fukushima and Chernobyl, have raised public concern over nuclear power and radiation exposure through medical procedures. However, most people are unaware that many household items and foods emit potentially dangerous radiation.   Public concern over radiation exposure has been heightened due to nuclear reactor accidents such as those
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A recently published study sought to determine which of two flu vaccines would provide better community protection when administered in children.   Influenza, commonly called the flu, is a contagious respiratory illness caused by the influenza virus. The elderly, pregnant women, people with health conditions, and children are among those who are more likely to
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A recent study showed that influenza vaccine reduces stroke and heart failure-related complications in adult diabetic patients, a high-risk group for influenza-related complications. This study further justifies the strong recommendation for influenza vaccination in older adults with chronic illnesses.   There is a lack of good clinical studies that measure the effectiveness of influenza vaccination
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A Dutch research group compared the effect of methylphenidate hydrochloride in adults and in children with ADHD, and found that the drug induced alterations in the brain blood flow of children, but not in adults.   Methylphenidate hydrochloride, sold under the brand names like Ritalin, is a commonly used medication for attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).
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Tamiflu is the current standard treatment for patients with influenza. A recent study has presented results demonstrating that treatment with Tamiflu reduces the time to relief of flu symptoms, however, increases the occurrence of nausea and vomiting. Tamiflu (Oseltamivir) is a neuraminidase inhibitor that blocks the activity of influenza virus enzymes. During the 2009 influenza
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