Depressive disorders can develop during or after pregnancy, and studies have shown that they increase risk of maternal suicide and complications such as low birthweight and infant malnutrition. A recent study published in the Lancet Psychiatry identified clinical differences in perinatal depressive symptoms based on symptom type, severity, and timing of onset. According to
The serotonin hypothesis of autism posits that fetal exposure to high levels of serotonin may increase the risk for developing Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). A new study investigated whether children born to mothers using prescription antidepressants that modulate serotonin levels were more likely to be diagnosed with ASD. Depression is one of the most
Individuals in the 50-64 age category with both diabetes and depression experienced a significant acceleration in memory loss compared to individuals with only one, or neither condition. Previous research found that having type 2 diabetes increases a person’s risk of developing depression. Conversely, having depression increases a person’s risk of developing diabetes. Both conditions
A recent study investigating the relationship between diet and depression found that no significant dietary changes occur in senior adults at the onset of depression. Depression is a medical condition that affects more than 15 million American adults and contributes substantially to the global burden of disease. Despite this, researchers and clinicians have failed
An environmental research letter highlights the potential correlation between weather-related nitrous oxide levels and prenatal stress contributing to autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Increasing global awareness of climate change piques public curiosity about human-environment interactions. Environmental effects on health are of particular interest lately, as they relate to the etiology of various disorders. Exploring this
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is typically treated with medication; however, this approach has limitations. Behavioural therapy, through the use of neurofeedback (NF) training has been shown to be of value in the treatment of ADHD for children and, when administered in conjunction with medication, may help to reduce the symptoms of ADHD observed by
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are early onset neurodevelopmental disorders that affect behavior, mood, and cognition. Dietary interventions that affect the microbiome may alleviate behavioral symptoms associated with these disorders, but evidence is inconclusive and further study is needed. Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is characterized by deficits in social
A meta-analysis of pooled individual data from cohorts of cases and controls found that participants with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) from 23 sites in North and South America, Europe and China had smaller amygdala, accumbens, and hippocampus volumes compared to healthy controls. Previously, meta-analyses of clinical data revealed reduced volumes of basal ganglia,
Several neuro-developmental conditions in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are influenced by several lifestyle patterns. A systemic review identified that changes in lifestyle patterns, such as increased level of physical activity and reduced sedentary behavior, had a significant impact on children associated with ASD. Autism spectrum
Whole-genome sequencing of individuals with autism spectrum disorder and their families reveal 18 new candidate genes that have the potential to be future diagnostic and therapeutic targets. Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder which affects approximately one percent of the global population. ASD encompasses disorders such as autism, Asperger’s syndrome, and other
Nonadherence to ADHD medication in adolescents, especially during their transition to college, can have significant repercussions on academic performance and long-term goals. In a recent study, published in the Journal of Adolescent Health, 10 freshmen with ADHD were interviewed regarding their medication self-management experience as they transitioned to college life. Nonadherence to medical treatment
In a recent study published in The Lancet, researchers examine the long-term effectiveness of the Preschool Autism Communication Trial (PACT). They determined that there are long-term benefits of early communication interventions for children with autism. Autism spectrum disorder is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by challenges in communication, social and behavioural difficulties, and repeating behaviours.
A Dutch research group compared the effect of methylphenidate hydrochloride in adults and in children with ADHD, and found that the drug induced alterations in the brain blood flow of children, but not in adults. Methylphenidate hydrochloride, sold under the brand names like Ritalin, is a commonly used medication for attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).