Mental Health

Researchers in Iran explored the effectiveness of an anger management intervention to curb aggression in individuals with substance abuse. Anger is considered a basic emotion that all individuals experience from time to time. However, when left unchecked, anger can result in aggressive behavior. Substance abuse, in particular, may exacerbate feelings of anger triggering verbal and
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Researchers recently published an article in The Lancet Neurology discussing the difficulties facing seizure detection in patients with epilepsy. Epilepsy is a neurological disorder that is characterised by short repetitive epileptic seizures.  These seizures can be harmful to the individual depending on the circumstances in which they occur, such as a seizure while driving. This
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Therapies that augment neurogenesis, the growth of new neurons in the brain, may eventually lead to treatments for neurodegenerative disorders such as Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s disease. A recent scientific report described the latest findings in neurogenesis research. We are capable of thinking, storing memories, and carrying out complex behaviours because of an intricate network of
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Lodato and colleagues test a long-standing hypothesis that neurodegeneration is linked to mutations in the DNA of neurons. Aging is typically associated with a swathe of degenerative diseases in humans, including neurodegeneration. Neurodegeneration involves the loss of the structure and functional capacity in neurons and may include the death of neurons. Conditions like Alzheimer’s disease
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Researchers conducted a novel study examining the use of light therapy to relieve the symptoms of depression in patients with bipolar disorder. Light therapy has long been known to relieve the symptoms of certain mood disorders, possibly by altering the circadian rhythms. The circadian rhythm, in layman’s terms, is the body’s way of determining what
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A recent meta-analysis of past studies seeks to understand the relationship between meat consumption and risk of depression. The prevalence of depression rises globally year after year. The World Health Organization (WHO) indicates that over 350 million people suffer from depression worldwide. With such a ubiquitous mental health issue, Chinese researchers sought to analyze past
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Researchers in the UK systematically reviewed studies on the role and usefulness of companion animals to people living with mental health problems. There is a global recognition of the rising number of people experiencing mental health problems. Traditional methods of managing mental health problems have focused on individual behavioural change. However, these approaches do not
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A massive meta-analysis of global MRI imaging data on epilepsy patients seeks to clarify a complicated and mysterious neurological disorder. Epilepsy is a neurological disorder characterized by seizures, which can vary from mild and almost undetectable to severe, featuring vigorous shaking. Almost 40 million people worldwide are affected by epilepsy. Epileptic seizures are caused by
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Researchers in the United States investigate whether floatation therapy can reduce symptoms of anxiety, stress, and depression in a clinical sample. Floatation therapy was invented to create an environment that restricts the amount of external sensory input that reaches the body. External sensory input is any outside event that is perceived by our senses like
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Recent research studies have provided important insights into genetic causes, anatomical and physiological features, and pharmacological mechanisms of migraine. If you don’t get migraine headaches, you may know someone who does and how distressing they can be. Migraine is one of the top three most prevalent illnesses in the world. Migraine is most common between
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Researchers in England examined the association between loneliness and the presence of multiple physical diseases. Multimorbidity, or the presence of two or more chronic or acute illnesses, affects a relatively large percentage of the population. It has been associated with several problematic outcomes, such as a reduced quality of life and increased risk of premature
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A recent study investigated the entwined relationships between work stress, mental wellbeing, and resilience to determine how they contribute to employee burnout. A large proportion of the working population experience work stress at some stage of their career. In some instances, this can have a toxic impact on an employee’s mental and physical health. Among
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A French team of medical researchers conducted a study with early-stage Parkinson’s disease patients to determine the extent and effect of respiratory issues related to muscle weakness. Parkinson’s disease is a neurodegenerative condition of the central nervous system, primarily affecting motor function. Symptoms usually begin slowly and involve shaking, slowness of movement, and difficulty with
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Researchers looked at studies involving Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction with employees to determine the effects mindfulness had on their mental health. Mindfulness has been studied extensively in the past couple of decades, especially with regards to mental health and well-being. Mindfulness is related to meditation and is believed to be gained through meditation, but it is
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Deep brain stimulation (DBS) is a surgical therapy using an implantable device to stimulate brain regions. An international research team published the preliminary results of a study assessing the efficacy and safety of DBS to treat adult Tourette syndrome. Tourette syndrome is a childhood-onset neurological disorder present in approximately 1% of the population. It is
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Observational studies have allowed researchers to compare the effectiveness and safety of traditional treatment options for multiple sclerosis and rituximab. Multiple sclerosis is a chronic immunological disease affecting the central nervous system. Depending on the region of the brain affected by the disease, patients may experience a wide range of symptoms (i.e. vision problems, bladder
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Parkinson’s disease is a progressive neurodegenerative disease that typically affects adults over 65 years old. Researchers recently investigated if caffeine and caffeine metabolites can be used as biomarkers to effectively diagnose Parkinson’s disease. Parkinson’s disease is a neurodegenerative disorder that progressively leads to loss of bodily movement. Currently, it is estimated that 55,000 Canadians (0.2% of the Canadian population) are living with Parkinson’s disease, making
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In a recent article published in The Lancet Neurology, researchers from Hamburg, Germany summarize what is currently known about cluster headaches. Cluster headaches are characterized by headache attacks causing pain on one side of the head, lasting for 15–180 minutes and occurring up to eight times a day. Unlike a migraine headache where individuals seek
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A recently published study has examined the effects of psychological well-being on lipid profiles including HDL cholesterol levels. For many years the link between psychological well-being and lipid profiles has been studied. Initially, it was found that there was a negative correlation between cholesterol and moods. This means that as cholesterol levels increased, mood decreased.
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Researchers in Canada examined whether childhood health behaviours predicted a later diagnosis of adolescent internalizing disorders. Mental health continues to be a burden across the globe. Approximately one in four people will experience one or more episodes of poor mental health in their lifetime. Half of all cases of poor mental health occur during adolescence.
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