Drugs

Urinary tract infection (UTI) related to urinary catheter use can cause many problems in nursing home residents. A USA nationwide project to improve care in this area successfully reduced the number of catheter-associated UTIs.   A urinary catheter is a small flexible tube inserted via the urethra into the bladder to drain urine. It is
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Antibiotic use for respiratory tract infections is the mainstay therapy in primary care but a recent study shows that hospital reconsultations with symptoms of lower respiratory tract infections (LRTI) can be significantly reduced with delayed antibiotic prescription.   Infections of the respiratory tract are a regular reason for primary care consultations and patients often present
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A phase two randomized controlled trial determined the role of immune plasma in treating patients diagnosed with severe influenza and exhibiting respiratory compromise.   A pandemic influenza outbreak is a serious international concern. Immediate containment of the disease is necessary, along with fast implementation of preventative measures. Plasma treatment has been identified as a solution
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A meta-analysis study published in JAMA Pediatrics investigated the effectiveness and safety of antibiotic treatment over surgical intervention in children with uncomplicated appendicitis.   The appendix is a blind-ended tube connected to the cecum, the initial part of the large intestine. Appendicitis is an inflammation of the appendix, which is acute and painful condition felt at the right
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Clinical trial data support the administration of antibiotics within 60 minutes before surgery for prevention of infection.   Surgical site infections (SSIs) are the most common hospital-acquired infections in surgical patients. To prevent such infections, the World Health Organization (WHO)recommends antibiotics be given within an hour of surgical incision. Called surgical antimicrobial prophylaxis (SAP), these
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Antibiotics are commonly used in beekeeping to prevent bacterial infections, but these drugs also come with side-effects that are not fully understood in many species. This group aims to study the effects of antibiotic treatment on the composition of gut bacteria in honeybees and effects on the bees’ overall health.   Antibiotics are commonly used
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In a 2017 study, researchers investigated the use of antivirals in children hospitalized for influenza. Rates of prescription of anti-influenza medication in children were found to be below recommended levels and varied significantly between hospitals.   The recommended treatment for children hospitalized due to infection with influenza viruses, especially children with conditions which may increase
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According to a recent comprehensive cohort study conducted in Denmark, the influenza vaccine does not increase the risk of childhood morbidity in the children of mothers who received this vaccine during pregnancy. Children exposed during the first, second or third trimester had similar rates of hospitalization as children who were not exposed to the vaccine.
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A recently published study sought to determine which of two flu vaccines would provide better community protection when administered in children.   Influenza, commonly called the flu, is a contagious respiratory illness caused by the influenza virus. The elderly, pregnant women, people with health conditions, and children are among those who are more likely to
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A recent study showed that influenza vaccine reduces stroke and heart failure-related complications in adult diabetic patients, a high-risk group for influenza-related complications. This study further justifies the strong recommendation for influenza vaccination in older adults with chronic illnesses.   There is a lack of good clinical studies that measure the effectiveness of influenza vaccination
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Tamiflu is the current standard treatment for patients with influenza. A recent study has presented results demonstrating that treatment with Tamiflu reduces the time to relief of flu symptoms, however, increases the occurrence of nausea and vomiting. Tamiflu (Oseltamivir) is a neuraminidase inhibitor that blocks the activity of influenza virus enzymes. During the 2009 influenza
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