Diabetes

Drugs known to reduce cardiovascular problems or diabetes are staples in the medical community. A recent study, named the ACE Trial, evaluated the effectiveness of acarbose to reduce the incidence of cardiovascular disease and diabetes. With over 230 million people with heart disease in China, effective medication for this population is essential.Due to population growth
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High triglyceride and LDL cholesterol levels increase the risk of strokes and heart attacks. Researchers recently investigated whether substituting saturated fats with omega 6 can help to reduce the bad cholesterol levels that are associated with diabetes. Cholesterol is a substance found in cells and in the bloodstream. It plays a vital role in the
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Numerous investigations have observed associations between sleep quality and morbidity and mortality. A recent Japanese study published in PLoS ONE aimed to understand the link between glycemic control in diabetes and sleep quality. Sleep disorders are very common among diabetic patients. Poor sleep quality has been associated with an increased risk of the onset of
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A recent systemic review published in PLOS One evaluated evidence linking dietary intake and diabetic retinopathy. Diabetic retinopathy, a complication of diabetes, is a leading cause of vision loss and blindness worldwide. It is becoming a major public health concern especially given the rapid increase of diabetes incidence. Diabetic retinopathy causes damage to the blood vessels
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A recent study evaluated the effectiveness of introducing weight management programs to help treat and potentially make a clinical difference in patients with diabetes. Given that type 2 diabetes is associated with obesity, a recent study published in Diabetes Obesity and Metabolism investigated whether the introduction of a weight management program has the potential to
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A recent study published in The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, the researchers compared the effect of individualized nutrition therapy that is provided by a dietitian with the effect of dietary advice from other healthcare professionals. Nutrition therapy is considered to be an integral part of treating type 2 diabetes. It is the application of
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Researchers reviewed data from twenty prospective studies to analyze the relationship between omega-6 fatty acids and type 2 diabetes. Omega-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) are found in nuts, seeds, and edible oils (such as most vegetable oils). They play an important role in growth and development. Certain clinical guidelines, such as the American Heart Association
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Researchers evaluated the safety and efficacy of ACE inhibitors and statins for the treatment of urinary albumin in adolescent type 1 diabetics.   Abnormally high urinary levels of albumin – a protein normally abundant in blood, but rare in urine – are associated with an increased risk of kidney dysfunction and cardiovascular disease. Adolescent type
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Researchers recently investigated the long-term effectiveness of diabetes prevention approaches on the incidence of diabetes-related mortality and morbidity. Currently, diabetes affects over 415 million adults worldwide and this is expected to increase to as many as 642 million adults by the year 2040. Since diabetes treatment cost the US healthcare system over $245 billion in
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Researchers recently looked at whether using iodine supplements during pregnancy could benefit the offspring’s neurocognitive development. Iodine is a vital component of thyroid hormones, which are essential for many aspects of fetal growth and development. Its role in fetal brain development is particularly important, with some studies implying that maternal iodine deficiency may be associated
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Researchers propose a modified guideline for type 2 diabetes treatment by evaluating patients’ cardiovascular risks when choosing anti-diabetic medications. Previous studies have shown that those with diabetes are at an increased risk of cardiovascular disease despite the use of cholesterol-lowering agents. Because of this, Valentina Rodriguez from the Division of Endocrinology at the New York
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In a recent study, researchers determine if the association between antidepressants and type 2 diabetes in adults is the same for youth. There has been a marked increase in antidepressant use among youth over the past 20 years. In fact, antidepressants are one of the most common psychotropic drugs prescribed to children. Several antidepressants are
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In a recent study, researchers investigate whether there is an association between poorly controlled diabetes and tuberculosis. For centuries, healthcare providers have recognized that there is an association between diabetes and tuberculosis. In fact, patients with diabetes are considered to have a higher potential risk of developing tuberculosis (TB). The reason for this being that
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In a study published American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, researchers determine if there is a possible association between trimethylamine-N-oxide (TMAO) and type 2 diabetes. Trimethylamine-N-oxide (TMAO) is a metabolite synthesized in the liver by trimethylamine, which is generated from our natural gut bacteria. The precursor for TMAO is dietary trimethylamine-containing compounds, including phosphatidylcholine, choline, and
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Researchers conducted a review of previous research to determine the effects of dragon fruit in diabetes management. Prediabetes and type 2 diabetes are diagnosed using blood sugar levels. A fasting plasma glucose (FPG) test measures blood sugar levels after approximately eight hours without eating. The two hours post-prandial glucose (2HPP) test measures blood sugar levels
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A team of American researchers may have identified a drug that can do it all – reversing diabetes and obesity all while helping us build stronger bones. Common diabetes treatments often leave patients prone to bone fractures and osteoporosis. This is because many diabetes medications often have a negative side effect: they block our body’s
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Researchers investigate genetic risk factors to determine whether women are more likely to inherit type 2 diabetes and whether it is transmitted equally by both parents. Approximately 90% of all diabetes cases are type 2 diabetes. Although lifestyle factors such as hypertension, diet and excess weight can increase risk, this condition can also be passed
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Researchers determine whether there is a higher risk of weight gain depending on a woman’s BMI and if weight gain between pregnancies is an independent factor from gestational diabetes. Being overweight during pregnancy is a risk factor for gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), however, the underlying reason behind this is unclear. GDM refers to any degree
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