Month: May 2018

Chemists continue to work on the exciting new antibiotic, Teixobactin, to determine if they can simplify its synthesis while preserving its activity. Antimicrobial resistance is a major problem faced by researchers, medical professionals, and society as a whole. Since the inception of antibiotics, which are small molecule drugs which disrupt essential processes in bacteria, viruses
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A recent study assessed the impact of a low-fat or a low-carb diet on weight change and if genotypes or insulin secretion are related to the dietary effects of weight loss. The most common environmental factor to weight-related conditions is dietary intake. As a result, dietary intervention remains an extensively recommended treatment for weight loss.
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A recent review in Science outlines the intricate relationships between the gut microbiome and our responsiveness to cancer immunotherapy. All mammals including humans are endowed with a flourishing community of microorganisms within their gut. Humans, for instance, have an average of 30 trillion bacteria thriving within our gut; this bacterial community is called the microbiome.
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Canadian researchers evaluate the effects of moderate- and high-volume aerobic exercise programs on physical activity time in postmenopausal women. Physical activity is a key lifestyle factor in the prevention of several diseases including diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and some forms of cancer. Studies have found that high sedentary time is a risk factor in the development
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A recent study investigates the degrees of sensory impairment in hearing and its association with injuries from accidents in the US. Traffic accidents and road safety are paramount concerns. Accidental injuries are a leading cause of mortality and disability in the United States. Accidents and injuries occurring from accidents have resulted in treatment costs and
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A recent study conducted in Sweden determined the impact of hormonal contraceptives on the psychological health and psychotropic drug use of adolescents. While there are many choices in contraception available, the psychological side effects are a cause for concern among many people using hormonal contraceptives. The rate of discontinuation of these medications is very high
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A new innovation in brain scanner technology promises high-resolution neuroimaging in subjects without restricting their head and body movements. Neurons are specialized cells that are designed to generate electrochemical signals. These signals are the currency used to transmit information across the body. Neurons connect the brain, spinal cord, and each nook and cranny of our
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A recent review article published in Science summarizes the successes and drawbacks of a novel immunotherapy using CAR T cells to treat cancer. The immune system plays an important role in detecting and eliminating cancer cells in our body. The most notable type of immune cell responsible for targeting cancer cells are known as effector
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A newly published study demonstrates the effects of antioxidants from vitamin supplements including vitamin E in patients with type 2 diabetes. The food we eat contain nutrients including carbohydrates, proteins, fats, vitamins, and minerals. Of these nutrients, glucose is essential for body cells to utilise for the production of energy. It is especially crucial for
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A recent article examines a new immunotherapy strategy that slowly releases immune-activating molecules at the tumor resection site to prevent disease relapse and metastasis. Cancers are notoriously difficult to treat, as they are comprised of transformed cells that grow in an uncontrolled manner. In particular, the surgical resection of tumors can actually promote wound healing,
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Recent research from the Harvard’s School of Public Health suggests that monounsaturated fats from plant or animal sources may not be made equal. According to research from the United States Department of Agriculture, dietary monounsaturated fats make up 12% of the average American’s total energy intake.  But apart from being an energy source, monounsaturated fats
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Scientists developed distinct formulas to estimate body fat percentage in men and women based on simple body circumference measurements. The most widely used and accepted measure of body fat and weight is the body mass index (BMI). This measure, however, is flawed and sometimes does not produce an accurate depiction of health. Recently, clinicians have
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A study looked at the connection between neural systems and resilience, in determining the development of major depressive disorder in adolescent girls. Major depressive disorder is a common occurrence in adolescents. In fact, one in three female adolescents in the United States is diagnosed with this illness, and it is the most likely cause of
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Researchers in the United States determine the differences between sleep deficiency and sleepiness on the risk of a car crash. Many people suffer from sleep deficiency, defined as an insufficient amount of sleep.  Possible causes for sleep deficiency include a habitually short sleep duration and sleep apnea. A symptom of sleep deficiency is excessive sleepiness,
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A recent study determines whether intermittent fasting twice a week can improve health compared to diets that continuously restrict calories. Excess weight is considered a risk factor for the development of chronic conditions like diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Weight loss may improve cardiometabolic parameters reducing risk. The benefits of weight loss strategies such as intermittent
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A recent study in BMC Psychiatry examines the impact of yoga for PTSD as a complementary treatment to psychotherapeutic intervention. Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a public health problem that has a worldwide prevalence of 6.1%. Substantial traumatic experiences result in PTSD and it commonly occurs among victims of violence, survivors of wars or natural disasters, veterans,
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