Month: April 2018

Researchers investigated whether lifestyle interventions were effective to prevent dementia in those with a genetic predisposition to Alzheimer’s disease. Cardiovascular and neurological diseases, such as dementia, have been linked to dysfunction of a variation of the apolipoprotein E, or APOE, gene, called the APOE ε4 allele. In fact, people who are carriers of the APOE
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A recent study investigates whether Chinese calligraphy therapy, a type of art therapy, can effectively relieve neuropsychiatric symptoms. Three out of 100 people will experience some form of a psychotic break at some time in their lives. In the US every year about 100,000 persons in the young adult and adolescents group have their first psychotic
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A recent news article published in the British Medical Journal describes new research comparing the safety of balanced crystalloids to saline. Many patients admitted to the hospital are routinely administered saline as a standard intravenous fluid. Two studies were performed in a hospital setting, comparing the outcomes of critical and non-critical patients, given either saline
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A recent study investigated whether increasing the consumption of fat-free milk would affect metabolic syndrome in individuals with type 2 diabetes. Favouring glycemic control and weight loss, dairy products are a great source of nutrients and bioactive compounds with the potential for reducing inflammation and oxidative stress. In particular, low-fat products such as fat-free milk
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Fruit is widely recommended by health organizations despite containing some sugars, including fructose. Recently, fructose has been shown to increase uric acid levels in the blood which can lead to hyperuricemia, gout, and kidney disease. A new study assessed the effect of fructose from fruit vs. sugar-sweetened beverages on blood uric acid levels. Fructose is
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A recent U.S. study outlines the implications of an aging population in the workplace. The study discusses benefits, safety concerns, and discriminatory attitudes towards older adults that continue to pursue full-time work well after their retirement years. The older adult demographic has grown globally in the past decade and many of these individuals are choosing
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Since treatment options for patients with advanced urothelial carcinoma are limited, researchers are investigating the effectiveness of Atezolizumab. Urothelial carcinoma is the most common type of cancer affecting the urinary system. In its advanced stage, rates of survival are low, with few patients surviving longer than five years.  Platinum-based chemotherapy is the standard first-line treatment,
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A recent study in Science Signaling investigates the role of white blood cells in the resolution of inflammation following a heart attack. Cardiovascular disease remains the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the developed world. Atherosclerosis, defined as a build-up of plaque in the arterial vessels, is the leading cause of cardiovascular disease and
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A creative meta-analysis published in PLOS Medicine has weighed overall risk vs. benefit in pediatric cancer clinical trials. The Canadian Cancer Society documents that cancer causes more fatalities in children than asthma, diabetes, cystic fibrosis, and AIDS combined. Pharmaceutical companies and the global scientific community work tirelessly to reduce the mortality due to pediatric cancer.
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Researchers investigate the relationship between the treatment of diabetes mellitus and the growth of tumors in women with breast cancer. The increase in numbers of diabetes mellitus and breast cancer cases in recent years has made it important to determine whether there is a link between these two conditions. Diabetes mellitus occurs when the body
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A study in Taiwan looked at the effects of a 12-week exercise program on body fat and insulin sensitivity in overweight adolescents. Obesity is a growing global problem. Obesity is increasingly prevalent in children and adolescents. Left untreated, obesity can lead to several health problems including cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes
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A study conducted on a Danish population of breast cancer patients investigates the impact of expressive writing for improved physical outcomes. Emotional expression is essential to physical well-being. While the evidence is mixed, some research indicates that repressive coping and emotional avoidance leads to the development of and a poor outcome for breast cancer. There
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Many older adults experience a decrease in their cognitive and perceptual abilities. Participating in physical activities, such as martial arts, may slow this decline. Many people believe that old age is associated with a decline in cognitive function. This idea has received some scientific support, with studies finding that aging is usually associated with impairments
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A recently published study has assessed the effects of overfeeding with a high-fat diet on insulin sensitivity, gut barrier function, and fecal microbiota in humans. A Western diet is typically described as being high in energy density, with a large fat and carbohydrate content. Within the last ten years, gut microbiota and impaired gut barrier
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Researchers in Iran explored the effectiveness of an anger management intervention to curb aggression in individuals with substance abuse. Anger is considered a basic emotion that all individuals experience from time to time. However, when left unchecked, anger can result in aggressive behavior. Substance abuse, in particular, may exacerbate feelings of anger triggering verbal and
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In a recent article published in Science, researchers investigated whether certain psychiatric disorders share genetic risk factors. These genetic risk factors act indirectly along molecular signaling pathways and environmental influences to affect synaptic function and cause disease. People with psychiatric disorders face many challenges in their life. Despite seeking assistance or medical intervention, these individuals
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Researchers in the USA recently uncovered some alarming associations between body mass index (BMI) and risk of developing heart disease. With obesity levels increasing at alarming rates, healthcare professionals and researchers alike are working hard to reverse this trend and to establish ways to deal with the many chronic health problems that stem from obesity.
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