Month: March 2018

Researchers investigated whether sleep quality in children with sleep apnea and celiac disease benefitted from a gluten-free diet. Gluten is a common protein found in grains such as wheat. Celiac disease is a condition in which an individual’s sensitivity to gluten triggers a systemic immune response. Celiac disease is prevalent in approximately 1% of the
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Researchers in Korea recently conducted a review of previous studies to investigate the relationship between night work and breast cancer. Shift work that disrupts circadian rhythm was first classified as being “probably carcinogenic to humans” by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) in 2007. Since then, there has been increasing concern regarding work-related
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Researchers conducted a novel study examining the use of light therapy to relieve the symptoms of depression in patients with bipolar disorder. Light therapy has long been known to relieve the symptoms of certain mood disorders, possibly by altering the circadian rhythms. The circadian rhythm, in layman’s terms, is the body’s way of determining what
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Researchers investigated the effects of a lemon verbena supplement or a placebo on muscle strength and recovery after a strenuous exercise test. Muscle fatigue and soreness is a common malady after an exhaustive exercise session. The muscle fibers become stressed and inflamed and need time to recover. A novel lemon verbena extract (sold as Recoverben®)
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A recent meta-analysis of past studies seeks to understand the relationship between meat consumption and risk of depression. The prevalence of depression rises globally year after year. The World Health Organization (WHO) indicates that over 350 million people suffer from depression worldwide. With such a ubiquitous mental health issue, Chinese researchers sought to analyze past
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Researchers in the UK systematically reviewed studies on the role and usefulness of companion animals to people living with mental health problems. There is a global recognition of the rising number of people experiencing mental health problems. Traditional methods of managing mental health problems have focused on individual behavioural change. However, these approaches do not
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A recent study investigates whether the activities of daily living, or incidental physical activity, can help to delay cognitive decline in older adults. Numerous studies have shown that aerobic exercise can be beneficial for the preservation of various types of cognitive function as people age. However, these studies have primarily investigated the impact of structured
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Vitamin D is a nutrient important for bone health and participates in the immune response. A new study published in BioMed Central Nutrition conducted a systematic review to investigate whether vitamin D reduces the inflammatory marker C-reactive protein. Vitamin D is a nutrient that has an important role in calcium regulation. Vitamin D works together
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American researchers investigate the acute effects of multi-ingredient pre-workout supplements on energy and endurance in active females. Exercise performance-enhancing dietary supplements have been used for athletes and regularly active individuals in the past, but now a new category of dietary supplements has emerged. Referred to as multi-ingredient pre-workout supplements (MIPS), this new supplement has gained
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Although there has been strong evidence emphasizing benefits of falls prevention programs, fall incidences in the older adult population is increasing. A recently published study outlines organizations’ perspectives on barriers that limit an older adult’s participation in a fall prevention program and strategies to optimize these programs. Falls among older adults are preventable through lifestyle
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An article published in The Journal of Nutrition reviews the current research on long-term effects of nutritional supplements in children. Nutrition is an important aspect of leading a healthy life. Children exposed to poor nutrition or food insecurity during their early years may run the risk of poor health outcomes in adulthood. Unfortunately, most of
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Researchers in the US determine whether an antibody drug, solanezumab, can slow cognitive decline in patients with mild dementia. Alzheimer’s disease is thought to arise from a buildup of amyloid-beta (Aβ) plaques and neurofibrillary tangles in the brain. Those with Alzheimer’s disease may also show signs of mild dementia. The Aβ hypothesis suggests that Aβ
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Edema associated with phases of the menstrual cycle may have an effect on athletic performance. A recent study investigated how athletic agility is influenced by menstrual cycle-related edema in college-aged women. Edema, commonly known as water retention, is when water builds up in body cavities or tissues. Edema of the lower limbs related to menstruation
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A recent Australian study looked at whether consuming excessive amounts of sugar can affect the intake of micronutrients. The consumption of too much sugar can lead to serious health problems including obesity, dental problems, and chronic diseases, such as diabetes. In light of these problems, health authorities around the world have developed guidelines advising how
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Researchers analysed the implementation of recommendations for programs concerning the social and emotional care of Indigenous children in Australia. Primary care providers, including doctors, nurses, and social workers are the first-line health care providers. These care providers are in a unique position to offer social and emotional support to vulnerable families or children at risk.
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A lack of sleep can interfere with one’s physical, mental, social, and emotional well-being. Researchers recently investigated whether supplementing with chamomile extract is effective at reducing insomnia in older adults. Difficulty going to sleep or remaining asleep can cause major disturbances during nightfall.This disturbance in sleep pattern, known as insomnia, can lead to chronic conditions
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A recent study investigated the effectiveness of continuous aerobic training and super circuit training in improving health in patients with heart disease. Exercise is often recommended by physicians and health care providers as a tool for improving overall health and outcomes in patients with heart disease. Continuous moderate aerobic training (CAT), which includes cycling and
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A massive meta-analysis of global MRI imaging data on epilepsy patients seeks to clarify a complicated and mysterious neurological disorder. Epilepsy is a neurological disorder characterized by seizures, which can vary from mild and almost undetectable to severe, featuring vigorous shaking. Almost 40 million people worldwide are affected by epilepsy. Epileptic seizures are caused by
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Drugs known to reduce cardiovascular problems or diabetes are staples in the medical community. A recent study, named the ACE Trial, evaluated the effectiveness of acarbose to reduce the incidence of cardiovascular disease and diabetes. With over 230 million people with heart disease in China, effective medication for this population is essential.Due to population growth
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