Month: February 2018

Researchers used data from across the US to investigate how the average air temperature affects your lungs. Air temperature has been identified as a large-scale environmental factor that may affect respiratory health. For example, extreme air temperatures increase the risk of worse outcomes in those suffering from respiratory diseases. However, it is currently unclear how
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Recent research on how neurodegeneration occurs in the brain of Alzheimer’s patients indicates that the disease may actually spread like an infection. The thief of memory and cognition, Alzheimer’s, is a devastating disease which affects many people worldwide. It is characterized by the presence of two proteins, tau deposits, which form clumps inside neurons and
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In vitro fertilization with frozen embryos in women with polycystic ovary syndrome has been shown to result in higher live birth rates when compared to using fresh embryos. Researchers in China investigate whether the implantation of fresh or frozen embryos are equally beneficial in women with regular ovulatory cycles. In vitro fertilization (IVF), the process
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Researcher evaluated whether a supervised program to encourage exercise during pregnancy could confer positive health benefits after delivery. This Norwegian study conducted from September 2010 to March 2015 among pregnant women evaluated whether physical activity during pregnancy would impact the levels of diabetes and hypertension during and after pregnancy. The researchers investigated a supervised exercise
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Researchers in the US investigated whether diet-induced inflammation plays a key role in the development of colorectal cancer. Worldwide, colorectal cancer is the third most common cancer afflicting humans. This cancer targets older men and other lifestyle risk factors include diet, obesity, smoking, and physical activity level. This disease is primarily diagnosed using endoscopic analysis,
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Recent phase 3 clinical trials compared the efficacy and safety of a novel two-drug regimen, with the standard three-drug antiretroviral therapy for HIV. Antiretroviral therapy (ART), comprised of two nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs) and a third drug, is the first- and second-line treatment for patients with an HIV infection. The use of NRTIs is
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A recent study tested the effects of a positive psychological intervention delivered remotely on psychological functioning and pain in fibromyalgia. Fibromyalgia is a syndrome characterized by generalized musculoskeletal pain that is often comorbid with other conditions, including chronic fatigue syndrome, anxiety, depression, migraines, and obesity. Fibromyalgia interferes with daily functioning, negatively impacting individuals’ quality of
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Recent research from Ireland has investigated whether age-related hearing loss is associated with cognitive decline, cognitive impairment, and dementia. Adults older than 65 years of age often experience a disabling hearing loss. There are cohort studies that have shown that age-related hearing loss (ARHL) precedes the onset of clinical dementia by 5 to 10 years,
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In a recent review, researchers in Germany examined the associations between various dietary factors and biomarkers of childhood and adolescent obesity. Childhood and adolescent obesity is on the rise worldwide, although it is not clear why. Diet has consistently been shown to be an important factor in obesity, but most studies have not been able
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Potentially inappropriate medications (PIMs) usage is associated with adverse complications in the older adult population. In a recent study, researchers determine the costs associated with PIMs and the difference between cases in residential care and traditional aged facilities.   Polypharmacy is the concurrent use of numerous drugs to treat a single condition. Individuals prescribed more
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Observational studies have allowed researchers to compare the effectiveness and safety of traditional treatment options for multiple sclerosis and rituximab. Multiple sclerosis is a chronic immunological disease affecting the central nervous system. Depending on the region of the brain affected by the disease, patients may experience a wide range of symptoms (i.e. vision problems, bladder
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Researchers in Switzerland investigate the prevalence and determinants of vitamin D deficiency in pregnant women during their third trimester. Vitamin D is critical for normal human growth and development. However, vitamin D deficiency is a widespread health problem today and affects populations all over the world. Recently, vitamin D deficiency in pregnant women and the
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Researchers investigated whether the frequent consumption of juice and carbonated beverages results in tooth erosion among preschool children. Tooth damage in children can be caused by dental or tooth erosion. Tooth erosion is the loss of tooth structures, like enamel and dentine, through a chemical process that does not involve bacteria. The damage may range
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In a recent study, researchers developed a series of cell lines that may form the basis of a drug screen platform for breast cancer using organoids.   Applying breast cancer therapies that are appropriate for a specific tumour’s composition, behaviour, and the specific mechanisms which allow it to grow, spread, and survive remains a challenge.
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A recent study conducted in the UK and published in the British Journal of Nutrition investigates whether there is a link between consuming alcohol and obesity. The global increase in obesity is of great concern, mainly due to the many chronic health problems associated with this condition, such as cancer, heart disease, and diabetes. Alcohol
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A recent study evaluated the effectiveness of introducing weight management programs to help treat and potentially make a clinical difference in patients with diabetes. Given that type 2 diabetes is associated with obesity, a recent study published in Diabetes Obesity and Metabolism investigated whether the introduction of a weight management program has the potential to
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Researchers investigate a new computational approach with algorithms aimed at improving cancer treatment planning and reducing radiation therapy side effects. Radiation therapy is a type of treatment for cancer that uses high energy forms of electromagnetic radiation (such as gamma rays or x-rays) to target and destroy tumor cells. Electromagnetic waves are composed of packets
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