Month: December 2017

A new review examines the potential of genetic testing for creating personalized exercise regimens for physical training and for identifying the risk for physical injury associated with physical activity. While physical activity is generally recognized to improve fitness and reduce the risk of chronic disease, it also understood that the response to physical training varies
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Researchers examined the relationship between gait stability and physical activity in older adults performing treadmill exercises. Walking is a good physical activity, and previous studies have found that it provides improved gait stability in the elderly. As published in the European Review of Aging and Physical Activity, researchers recently used treadmill exercises to evaluate the
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Researchers recently published the results of a study that examined the benefits of olive oil in lowering cardiovascular disease incidence. Cardiovascular disease is one of the leading causes of death in Canada with roughly one Canadian dying from heart disease or stroke every seven minutes.1 The Mediterranean diet, comprised of olive oil, nuts, vegetables, fruits,
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Studies have shown that musical interventions have a positive impact on our physical health. A recent review published in Perspectives in Public Health looked at whether the benefits of music also apply to our mental wellbeing. Ways to improve our physical health and well-being are constantly being investigated and the results often contribute to the
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In a recent study, Dutch researchers investigated whether there is a link between tumour gene activity and responsiveness to chemotherapy in patients with metastatic breast cancer. Due to the diverse nature of metastatic breast cancers (in which cancerous cells have spread to other parts of the body and may have mutated further), it is difficult
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A recent study investigated whether lifestyle factors can mediate the relationship between social capital and health in China. Social capital is defined as the features of social organizations, like trust, norms, and networks, that improve society by facilitating efficient and coordinated actions. It is divided into the cognitive component, an individual’s perception of trust, solidarity,
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A recent meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials assessed the efficacy of two drug treatments in reducing mortality in heart failure patients. Chronic heart failure affects 1-2% of the adult population in developed countries and it has one of the highest morbidity and mortality rates for cardiovascular disease globally. It is thus crucial to decrease the
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Researchers in Sweden reviewed the available evidence to examine the health benefits of organic food. Their study was published in Environmental Health.   Producing adequate quantities of sustainable healthy food is a high priority for many governments and international organizations. The choice of either conventional or organic farming methods can affect the sustainability of food
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A review investigated whether there is a potential link between vitamin K deficiency and mechanisms associated with the development of pulmonary disease. Inflammation of the lungs in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is characterized by breathlessness due to restricted air flow. Studies have shown that this inflammation may not be limited to the lungs, but
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A world-wide meta- analysis involving the results of 88 clinical trials determined breast cancer recurrence outcomes 5-20 years after endocrine therapy. Endocrine therapy has proven quite beneficial for breast cancer therapy, even significantly reducing breast cancer recurrence in estrogen-receptor-positive patients when administered adjuvantly for five years. Furthermore, extending the time for which adjuvant endocrine therapy
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In a recent systematic review, researchers evaluate the roles of hormones in overtraining syndrome. Trained athletes are aware that recovery periods away from training are just as significant as the time spent training. Inadequate rest and nutrition can lead to overtraining syndrome (OTS) among athletes, compounding problems concerning muscle fatigue, hormone, and metabolic function. An
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A study looked at the perceived barriers to implementing lifestyle changes for preventing heart disease among different socio-demographic populations. Cardiovascular disease (CVD) remains a leading cause of morbidity and death in many countries. It is well-studied that a healthy lifestyle leads to a 67-72% lower risk of developing heart failure and that 80% of CVD
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A descriptive study of food advertisement seeks to understand product promotion in the realm of online marketing strategies. Food and beverage giants influence poor dietary choices in both developed and undeveloped countries. The disconnect between nutrition and health may lie in the comprehensive online marketing strategies of food companies, which tailor their sales approach differently
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Botulinum toxin manufacturers recommend avoiding anticoagulants during therapy. Researchers recently conducted a clinical trial to evaluate the risk. Botulinum toxin (BT), also known as Botox®, is a neurotoxin that is commonly used for cosmetic and muscle relaxation therapies. Once injected into muscle tissue, BT quickly inactivates surrounding nerves causing muscle paralysis which reduces muscle tension.
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Researchers evaluated the safety and efficacy of ACE inhibitors and statins for the treatment of urinary albumin in adolescent type 1 diabetics.   Abnormally high urinary levels of albumin – a protein normally abundant in blood, but rare in urine – are associated with an increased risk of kidney dysfunction and cardiovascular disease. Adolescent type
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Researchers from Toronto reveal an innovative approach to study brain changes linked to working memory loss in people with Alzheimer’s disease. Alzheimer’s Disease and Dementia Dementia is a general term for the loss of memory and other cognitive skills. Unlike cognitive impairment associated with normal aging, the cognitive decline associated with dementia is serious enough
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