Month: August 2017

Scientists at the Center for Injury Research and Prevention at the Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia asked the question; “what is the association between attention-deficit/ hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and car crashes involving young adult drivers, and does this vary by sex, licensing age, and/or being prescribed ADHD medication?” Car crashes are the leading cause of death
0 Comments
  In a 2017 study, researchers explored the risks and benefits of levothyroxine for subclinical hypothyroidism treatment in older adults. The findings suggest levothyroxine does not improve hypothyroidism symptoms.   Hypothyroidism – underproduction of the thyroid hormone thyroxine and compensatory overproduction of the pituitary hormone which promotes its release, thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) –can have profound
0 Comments
For those with ADHD, the use of ADHD medication is associated with better performance on higher education entrance tests. This evidence should be considered together with the current list of risks and benefits of ADHD medication to guide clinical practice. Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is common among children and adults alike and can have a negative
0 Comments
Metabolic syndrome and non alcoholic fatty liver disease are conditions that are becoming more prevalent due to an increase of fructose and fats in our diets. A new study examines the role of citrulline in preventing endotoxin-induced injury in a rat model of non alcoholic fatty liver disease and finds that citrulline is able to prevent an inflammatory
0 Comments
A small-molecule drug inhibitor called vismodegib successfully treated a dire case of infiltrative basal cell carcinoma. According to the authors, this case qualifies as a first to report a complete remission for this subset of skin cancer. Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is one of the most common types of skin cancer. For patients with locally
0 Comments
A meta-analysis combining results across studies assessed outcomes of tight versus standard glucose management on the prevention of onset and progression of end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) in diabetic patients. Study results suggest that diabetic patients who were under stringent glucose control have a comparable risk of kidney failure to those under standard glucose management. Diabetes
0 Comments
Human papillomavirus (HPV) is responsible for causing cervical cancer in many women worldwide, and successful screening programs have been accredited with helping to increase the capacity to identify and treat precancerous and pre-invasive disease. Quantitative methylation of the POU4F3 gene biomarker is a valuable tool for high-grade CIN detection. Cervical cancer, caused by the human
0 Comments
Chronic kidney disease is both a cause and consequence of hypertension. In patients with both conditions, accurate evaluation and a tailored treatment program are essential for successful hypertension management. Blood circulates through the body at a certain pressure within the arteries. This pressure changes depending on activity levels– elevating during exercise, to increase the blood
0 Comments
Stress urinary incontinence, a condition in which individuals experience incontinence during physical exertion, could affect up to half of older adults and may lead to a reduction in quality of life. In a randomized clinical trial, Liu and colleagues show that electroacupuncture may be an effective treatment for stress urinary incontinence. Stress urinary incontinence, or
0 Comments
The National Audit Office (NAO) published a report on July 27th regarding the inappropriate handling of unprocessed clinical correspondence, leading to a backlog, by the NHS Shared Business Services (NHS SBS). The National Audit Office (NAO) in the United Kingdom published a report on July 27th regarding the inappropriate handling of unprocessed clinical correspondence by
0 Comments
A recent study published in JAMA Psychiatry found that some adolescents, especially males, who lived in disadvantaged neighbourhoods showed abnormal changes in brain structure from early to late adolescence.   Positive parenting may protect against changes in brain structure, counteracting the biological and functional consequences associated with disadvantage. The biological, psychological, and social consequences of socioeconomic
0 Comments
Diabetic foot ulcers are one of the most common complications affecting diabetic patients. A recent review article outlines preventative measures that can decrease the odds of developing foot ulcers. Diabetic foot ulcers, especially on the bottom of the foot, are a common problem in diabetics. Up to 26.1 million diabetic patients worldwide are estimated to
0 Comments
A study recently published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition explored various factors associated with inflammation in preschool children and women of reproductive age. It was found that recent illness and obesity were consistently associated with inflammation regardless of environment, while commonly measured demographic covariates, such as sex or socioeconomic status, were not. Triggered
0 Comments
PET scanning revealed elevated translocator protein in several regions comprising the neurocircuitry of Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD), indicating a pathogenic role for microglia in the neuropathogenesis of OCD. Though several Hollywood stars have been diagnosed with OCD, no one is better remembered for suffering from this debilitating condition than Howard Hughes of ‘The Aviator’. Characterized
0 Comments
Childhood obesity in the United States has long been a multifaceted disorder that health professionals have struggled to battle effectively. Strategies that if implemented at an early enough age and applied consistently afterwards can lessen obese children’s current health problems and the multitude that can appear later in adulthood such as cardiovascular disease. An article
0 Comments